Landslide: Landscape and Patronage

Jones Beach State Park
Wantagh, NY

. . . every spot that his architects and planners touched bears the mark of highly rational purpose, intelligent design, and esthetic form. — Lewis Mumford on Robert Moses


Jones Beach State Park
Jones Beach State Park
Photos courtesy New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and
Historic Preservation.

 When Jones Beach State Park opened on August 24, 1929, it was the first public beach created to provide resort-like activities to ordinary people, making it highly significant in the nation’s history of state parks, recreation, and public works. Located in the Long Island region of New York State, it was conceived by Robert Moses during his tenure as President of the Long Island State Park’s Commission in the early 1920s as the highlight of an extensive system of interconnected parks and motor parkways. The unprecedented scale and scope of this vast network acted as a catalyst, which led to 1924 legislation creating the nation’s first consolidated state park system. This later served as a model for Moses’ work in New York City and the development of other state park systems across the country.

Creating Jones Beach State Park was an ambitious effort that required a massive program of land acquisition, infrastructure development, and construction. Robert Moses, as first president of the Long Island State Park Commission, directed every aspect of the park’s realization – from conceiving its general plan and recreational program and establishing the funding stream to complete the project, to building its accessory roadways and causeways, designing landscapes and buildings, and overseeing the nautically-themed decorative program.

Robert Moses was an expert organizer who knew how to oversee and drive big projects. Execution was the responsibility of staff. Working on the Jones Beach project was a team of employees at the regional State Park Commission who included: Earle Andrews, the project’s chief architect and engineer; landscape architect, Clarence C. Coombs who is credited with designing the circulation system as well as the landscape; engineer Herbert Magoon who designed the park’s most architecturally ambitious structures (like the water tower and west bathhouse); and Arthur Howland who, as the Commission’s chief engineer, was the project’s general manager.

Jones Beach State Park
Jones Beach State Park
Photos courtesy New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and
Historic Preservation.

Jones Beach changed what a public beach could be by bringing a level of order and sophistication to design that was largely unknown – a synthesis of complex urban planning principles, high-style architecture, Beaux Arts landscape design, and an extensive program of decorative features. The result was an aesthetically enhanced user experience that included all modern conveniences and the organizing structure of highly managed zones of activity.

Jones Beach, as a public facility, embodies the ideals of the progressive era in government by delivering healthful outdoor recreation in a quiet, clean, safe, and uplifting environment based on the principle that fresh air and opportunity for physical activity was a public benefit. In conceiving Jones Beach, Robert Moses added dignity and grandeur to the equation and produced a facility that was an instant success. Despite several decades of deterioration, it remains one of the best attended beaches in the New York State Park System: a testament to the enduring principles that led to its creation and guided its physical development.


Robert Moses

Robert Moses


Jones Beach State Park is threatened by insufficient funding and a lack of comprehensive planning to address its special maintenance needs as both a contemporary public amenity and a nationally significant historic site. For several decades, the park has suffered from short-sighted maintenance policies that favored a course of least resistance and low cost solutions. Greater awareness of the park’s historic value emerged in the late 1990s, but years of deferred capital investment now forces a triaging of infrastructure repair priorities leaving little for elements considered nonessential.

How You Can Help

Jones Beach has a massive appeal. People across the country know and love Jones Beach and a great many people have a story to tell about it – either as former users or through the memories of their parents.

Like most historic sites, Jones Beach needs a major infusion of capital funds to restore and maintain its facilities to a degree that is commensurate to its historic significance. A recent infusion of $11.3 million for repairs to the West Bathhouse only scratches at the surface, and the need for an overall master plan is increasingly important in light of recent trends towards large-scale public-private partnerships, like Trump on the Ocean, that have potential for benefit when conceived and coordinated appropriately.

Unlike most historic sites, Jones Beach has a huge user base that could potentially deliver a powerful source of advocacy and support. At this grand scale, the collective results from relatively small annual donations could generate sufficient funds for substantial preservation and rehabilitation. To help preserve Jones Beach, the general public could:

  • Learn more about the history of Jones Beach in order to better recognize how degraded it really is and how much better it could be.
  • Advocate to the State Parks Office for the creation of a dedicated Jones Beach restoration fund that would be derived by increasing the beach parking fee by $1.00 (a similar surcharge program currently exists to provide restoration funds for New York City theaters).
  • Support the park’s friends group, Jones Beach Rescue whose mission is to help preserve and enhance Jones Beach as an important historic resource.

Learn More

Jones Beach State Park
1 Ocean Parkway
Wantagh, NY 11793

Jones Beach State Park

Russell Hart

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Russell Hart has been taking pictures since the early 1970s, and since then his work has been exhibited at such venues as the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, L.A.’s G. Ray Hawkins Gallery, the Newport Art Museum, the Currier Gallery of Art, Boston’s Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston’s Robert Klein Gallery, Harvard University’s Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, the Addison Gallery of American Art, and the DeCordova Museum in Lincoln, Massachusetts. His prints are in the collections of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Rose Art Museum at Brandeis University, the Hudson River Museum in Yonkers, New York, and the Nelson-Atkins Museum in Kansas City, Missouri, as well as in various private collections. He was until recently the Executive Editor of American Photo magazine, where he wrote about photography for almost 25 years; he was also Editor of American Photo On Campus, the magazine’s college edition, for 15 years. His writing on photographic subjects has appeared in The New York Times, Men’s Journal, and Us magazines. In 2009 he won the Griffin Museum of Photography’s Susan Sontag Scribe Award for best photographic writing. Hart has taught photography at Tufts University and the Boston Museum School.

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