The 1954 unanimous U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education mandated racial desegregation in public schools and overturned the “separate but equal” doctrine. As the NAACP Legal Defense Fund notes, “Brown v. Board of Education itself was not a single case, but rather a coordinated group of five lawsuits against school districts in Kansas, South Carolina, Delaware, Virginia, and the District of Columbia.”  The ruling’s impacts changed the face of public education across America.

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