Religious Institution

Religious institutions such as monasteries, convents, ashrams, cathedrals, and seminaries seek contemplative grounds and often have access to labor pools that allow for more intensive gardening than found at other institutional types. Residential religious institutions frequently have been inserted into former estate grounds, often preserving earlier landscape features. Gardens for quiet contemplation are a common element, usually incorporating individual seating, pools, and fountains.

Spiritual communities based on other than purely religious connections include places such as Chautauqua Institute where landscaped grounds provide places for ‘creative renewal’ such as artists’ studios.