Garden City / Garden Suburb

Planned residential community in a park-like setting following the principles of English theorist Ebenezer Howard’s Garden Cities of Tomorrow, often offering housing for lower and mixed income groups. With the superblock as the basic building unit, a hierarchy of streets and roads controlled the movement of automobile traffic, and common lands were set aside for parks, playgrounds, and pedestrian pathways. A distinct variant known as radial garden suburbs is characterized by a geometrically ordered arrangement of streets and land subdivision, with tree-lined residential streets radiating outward in tiers from a centrally located circular park. The Garden Suburb is distinguished from the Garden City by its emphasis on residential uses, rather than balancing residential, commercial, and industrial uses as a Garden City would.